PCOS is on a rise among many women and it should be addressed. If you are wondering what this disease or illness is about, then you are in the right place. We are here to help you know about the causes, symptoms and treatment methods of PCOS. PCOS is the acronym for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and this is an illness which affects a woman’s hormone levels.
What Happens During PCOS?
A woman with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome produces a higher percentage of male hormones than usual amounts. Due to the excess production of male hormones, most women with PCOS skip their menstrual periods or have some kind of problem associated with them. PCOS can also cause the growth of hair on face and body and lead to chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular health problems, etc. if not addressed.
Causes of PCOS
The exact causes of PCOS are still debated on and are not known. However, there are three main causes which seem to have a major role in PCOS.
- Genetics: The Syndrome runs in families. If there has been a history of PCOS in a family, then it is more likely that you might be affected by this syndrome as well.
- Insulin Resistance: A great percentage of women might have insulin resistance. This means the cells are incapable of using the produced insulin (a hormone that converts sugar to energy) effectively. This makes the insulin to be stored in the pancreas thereby triggering production of increased male hormones.
- Inflammation in Body: This might be a major cause of PCOS. If you are obese or overweight, there are high chances that you might have inflammation in your body. Make sure to eat well and exercise regularly to avoid inflammation.
Symptoms of PCOS
There are three main symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome which affects the entire ovulation process and the ovaries.
- As we told you already, high levels of male hormones.
- There are ovarian cysts.
- You have skipped or irregular menstrual periods.
There are some changes in your body which can help you understand that you might have PCOS Syndrome.
These additional signs and symptoms of PCOS are: –
- Hair growth
- Heavy bleeding (during menstrual periods)
- Acne formation
- Weight gain
- Skin becomes dark
- Frequent headaches
Note: If you are experiencing two or more of the above-mentioned symptoms simultaneously, then it is highly recommended that you visit your doctor or gynecologist soon.
PCOS Syndrome Treatment
PCOS Syndrome can increase the risk of sleep apnea, infertility problems and metabolic syndrome. It can also increase the risk of depression if not treated properly. There are certain diet tips that can help treat PCOS. Eating certain foods can help you overcome Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
Losing weight by exercising and improving your fitness is a healthy way to treat PCOS syndrome.
Take a look at the following important tips for the treatment of this illness.
- Some Birth control pills and the drug Metformin (which is used for treating Type 2 diabetes) can help your menstrual cycle get back to normal.
- Surgery and clomiphene can help you improve your fertility levels.
- Make use of hair removal medicines that can help you get rid of unwanted hair.
As you can see, with proper care, diagnosis and treatment, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome can be treated and be taken care of. If you observe two or more symptoms of this illness, it is better to consult a doctor. Early diagnosis is always a better option and can help in a better treatment process. Make sure that you are fit and that you maintain your weight.
Being obese or overweight might give rise to inflammation problems which lead to PCOS. Eating a healthy and nutritious diet coupled with a regular exercise regime is the key to keep this illness at bay.
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