Alkem Laboratories Ltd
Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's belongs to a group of anti-diabetic medicines called biguanides used in the treatment of diabetes. It helps to lower the increased blood glucose level in type 2 diabetes patients. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic or lifelong disorder that affects the way our body processes glucose. People with type 2 diabetes either do not produce enough insulin or the insulin produced is unable to perform its function in the body (insulin resistance). Middle-aged or older individuals are most likely to suffer from type 2 diabetes, so it is also known as adult-onset diabetes.
Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's is prescribed for the condition of type 2 diabetes when diet and exercise alone cannot control their blood sugar levels. It is the first-line therapy for patients with type 2 diabetes. Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's restores the body's response to insulin, decreases the amount of blood sugar produced by the liver, and delays the absorption of sugar by the stomach or intestines. Besides, Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's has off-label usage in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) where it helps normalize the menstruation cycle by restoring the body's hormonal balance, lowers blood sugar levels, and stimulates ovulation.
Usually, Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's does not cause very significant side effects. Common side effects include diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, or a metallic taste in the mouth. In very rare cases, it may cause a condition known as lactic acidosis (too much lactic acid in the body) with symptoms like dizziness, drowsiness, muscle pain, etc. Your sugar level may go down while taking this medicine with heavy exercise, drinking excessive alcohol, or skipping meals. Talk to the doctor about any of the health conditions listed above that may require urgent medical treatment.
Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's works best when coupled with a healthy lifestyle like losing weight if you are overweight (BMI >25), eating fewer calories (low fat and sugary food), and being more physically active (at least 150 min of activity every week).
Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's plays a vital role in managing diabetes and achieving good control of blood sugar levels by delaying the absorption of sugar and increasing insulin sensitivity in the body. Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's does not cause a sudden lowering of the blood glucose level or cause significant hypoglycaemia. Unlike other anti-diabetic therapies like sulfonylureas or insulin, Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's does not cause weight gain but may cause modest weight loss. In the prediabetic condition, Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's is the only recommended treatment available. Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's also helps to prevent serious complications of diabetes such as kidney damage (Diabetic Nephropathy), blindness (Diabetic Retinopathy), loss of sensation in your hands and feet (Diabetic Neuropathy) or even loss of foot! Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's also helps to reduce your chance of having a heart attack or stroke.
Some diabetic patients taking Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's may develop a serious condition called lactic acidosis. In lactic acidosis, there is too much lactic acid accumulated in the blood. So, your liver and kidney proper functioning is required for the elimination of excess lactic acid from the blood. You should not take metformin if you have kidney disease, as measured by a blood test. Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's may lower vitamin B-12 levels, so try to have blood test annual blood and vitamin. Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's, when used with insulin, may extremely lower the blood sugar level. So, the doctor may lower the dose of insulin.
Drug-Drug Interactions: Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's interacts with an anti-depressant (bupropion), drugs used to treat glaucoma, antibiotics (cephalexin, ciprofloxacin), anti-acidity drugs (cimetidine), heart condition drugs (digoxin), anti-HIV drugs (dolutegravir), ethanol, saliva reducing drugs (glycopyrrolate), iodinated X-ray contrast agents, anti-epileptic drugs (topiramate, lamotrigine), heart-related chest medicine (ranolazine). Other drug interactions can contribute to increased low blood sugar, including sex hormones (androgens), anti-oxidant (alpha-lipoic acid), painkillers (aspirin), anti-TB drugs (prothionamide), growth hormones (pegvisomant), and other antidiabetic medicines.
Drug-Food Interactions: Intake of excessive alcoholic beverages may increase the chance of a life-threatening condition known as Lactic Acidosis. So, avoid intake of alcoholic beverages with Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's.
Drug-Disease Interactions: People affected with heart diseases (like congestive heart failure and myocardial infarction), Vitamin B12 deficiency, and alcoholism should avoid intake of Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's.
It is advisable not to consume alcohol along with Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's to avoid unpleasant side-effects like lactic acidosis.
Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's is not recommended during pregnancy. However, your doctor may prescribe it for you during pregnancy if he/she feels that the benefit to you outweighs the risk. You should not take Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's without doctor's advice.
Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's is not recommended if you are breast-feeding or if you are planning to breast-feed your baby.
Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's monotherapy (the treatment of a disease with a single drug) does not cause hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar) and therefore has no effect on the ability to drive or to use machines.
Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's to be taken with caution, especially if you have a history of liver diseases/conditions. The dose may have to be adjusted by your doctor.
Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's to be taken with caution, especially if you have a history of Kidney diseases/conditions. The dose may have to be adjusted by your doctor depending on your renal functions. Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's is not recommended in severe kidney disease. Regular monitoring of kidney function tests is therefore important if you're taking Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's.
Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's is not recommended for children below 10 years of age. For children above 10 years, dose to be adjusted and recommended by a child specialist only.
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Type 2 diabetes: It is a chronic or lifelong disease that keeps the body away from properly utilizing insulin. Hence, people affected with type 2 diabetes either do not produce enough insulin, or there is resistance to the action of insulin. Middle-aged or older are most likely to suffer from type 2 diabetes, so it is also known as adult-onset diabetes. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include increased thirst, frequent urination at night, slow wound healing, increased hunger, fatigue, and blurred vision. In some cases, there may be weight gain while in rare cases weight loss may be observed. The complication of type 2 diabetes also includes neuropathy (nerve problems), nephropathy (kidney problems), and retinopathy (damaged retina of eyes or blindness), loss of limbs, sexual dysfunction, and increase chance of heart attack or stroke.
Formin SR 500 Tablet 15's
Alkem Laboratories Limited, Devashish Building, Alkem House, Senapati Bapat Road, Lower Parel, Mumbai - 400 013.
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