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About DEXTROMETHORPHAN

DEXTROMETHORPHAN contains an anti-tussive (relieve cough) medication primarily used to treat dry cough. Cough is a reflex action that helps to clear any foreign irritant or mucus in the throat. Mostly cough lasts for a short time (two to three weeks), so it is acute. But sometimes, if it is persistent for more than eight weeks it can lead to chronic cough. Dry cough refers to a cough where there is no mucus or secretion along with cough.

DEXTROMETHORPHAN contains Dextromethorphan, which is a cough suppressant. It works by blocking the cough receptor present in the brain, which is known to cause cough. DEXTROMETHORPHAN is generally prescribed for short-term treatment of dry cough. It does not treat chronic cough or cough caused due to smoking, emphysema, and asthma.

Take DEXTROMETHORPHAN as prescribed. Your doctor will advise you on how often you take DEXTROMETHORPHAN based on your medical conditionThe most common side effects of DEXTROMETHORPHAN are dizziness, drowsiness, sleepiness, confusion, and nausea. Most of these side effects of DEXTROMETHORPHAN do not require medical attention and gradually resolve over time. However, if the side effects persist or worsen, please consult your doctor.

Do not take DEXTROMETHORPHAN if you are allergic to DEXTROMETHORPHAN or Dextromethorphan. Increase the intake of fluids so that the mucus present loosens and the throat remains lubricated. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, please inform your doctor before starting DEXTROMETHORPHAN. Also, mention all the OTC medicines you are talking to your doctor about before taking DEXTROMETHORPHAN. DEXTROMETHORPHAN should not be stopped abruptly as it might lead to withdrawal symptoms like irritability, anxiety, diarrhoea, restlessness, and increased blood pressure. If your condition does not improve or your cough comes back or occurs with fever or rash, please visit the doctor immediately as this could due be serious.

Uses of DEXTROMETHORPHAN

Dry cough

Medicinal Benefits

DEXTROMETHORPHAN is primarily used to treat dry cough. DEXTROMETHORPHAN contains Dextromethorphan, which is a cough suppressant. It works by blocking the cough receptor present in the brain, which is known to cause cough. DEXTROMETHORPHAN is generally prescribed for short-term treatment of dry cough. It does not treat chronic cough or cough caused due to smoking, emphysema, and asthma.

Directions for Use

Take DEXTROMETHORPHAN with or without food as advised the doctor. Shake the bottle well before use. Take the prescribed dose by mouth using the measuring cup/dosing syringe/dropper provided by the pack.

Storage

Store in a cool and dry place away from sunlight

Side Effects of DEXTROMETHORPHAN

  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Diarrhea
  • Respiratory depression
  • Sleepiness
  • Confusion 
  • Rash
  • Nausea

In-Depth Precautions and Warning

Drug Warnings

Do not take DEXTROMETHORPHAN if you are allergic to DEXTROMETHORPHAN or Dextromethorphan. Increase the intake of fluids so that the mucus loosens and the throat remains lubricated. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, please inform your doctor before starting DEXTROMETHORPHAN. Also, mention all the OTC medicines you are talking to your doctor about before taking DEXTROMETHORPHAN. DEXTROMETHORPHAN should not be stopped abruptly as it might lead to withdrawal symptoms like irritability, anxiety, diarrhoea, restlessness, and increased blood pressure. If your condition does not improve or your cough comes back or occurs with fever or rash, please visit the doctor immediately as this could be serious. Also, DEXTROMETHORPHAN should be taken at least 15 days after your last dose of anti-depressants, especially monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAO) as taking both together may be fatal. Do not smoke as it might worsen your symptoms.

Drug Interactions

Drug-Drug Interaction: DEXTROMETHORPHAN may interact with MAO inhibitor (isocarboxazid, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine), anti-arrhythmic medications (amiodarone, propafenone, quinidine and flecainide), opioid analgesics (codeine, tramadol, morphine, methadone), anti-anxiety medications (fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline) and anti-fungal (terbinafine).

Drug-Food Interaction: Avoid alcohol intake with DEXTROMETHORPHAN as it may cause increased drowsiness, dizziness, and lack of concentration.

Drug-Disease Interaction: If you have lung disease, depression, anxiety, or are taking Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor (used for depression), inform your doctor before taking DEXTROMETHORPHAN.

Drug-Drug Interactions Checker List:

  • ISOCARBOXAZID
  • PHENELZINE
  • RASAGILINE
  • SELEGILINE
  • TRANYLCYPROMINE
  • AMIDODARONE
  • PROPAFENONE
  • QUINIDINE
  • FLECAINIDE
  • CODEINE
  • TRAMADOL
  • MORPHINE
  • METHADONE
  • FLUOXETINE
  • PAROXETINE
  • SERTRALINE
  • TERBINAFINE
  • Safety Advice

    • Safety Warning

      Alcohol

      unsafe

      Avoid consumption of alcohol with DEXTROMETHORPHAN as it may increase drowsiness. Please consult a doctor before consuming alcohol with DEXTROMETHORPHAN.

    • Safety Warning

      Pregnancy

      caution

      DEXTROMETHORPHAN is a category C pregnancy drug. Its safety in pregnancy is unknown, so it should be taken only if prescribed by a doctor.

    • Safety Warning

      Breast Feeding

      caution

      DEXTROMETHORPHAN is a category C pregnancy drug. Its safety in breastfeeding women is unknown, so it should be taken only if prescribed by a doctor.

    • Safety Warning

      Driving

      unsafe

      DEXTROMETHORPHAN may cause drowsiness or tiredness in some people. Therefore, drive only if you are alert after taking DEXTROMETHORPHAN.

    • Safety Warning

      Liver

      caution

      Take DEXTROMETHORPHAN with caution, especially if you have a history of Liver diseases/conditions. The dose may be adjusted by your doctor as required.

    • Safety Warning

      Kidney

      caution

      Take DEXTROMETHORPHAN with caution, especially if you have a history of Kidney diseases/conditions. The dose may be adjusted by your doctor as required.

    • Safety Warning

      Children

      caution

      DEXTROMETHORPHAN is not recommended for children below the age of 4. It can be really fatal if DEXTROMETHORPHAN is given to children without a prescribed dose by a child specialist.

    Habit Forming

    No

    Diet & Lifestyle Advise

    • Wash your hands with soap and water regularly to prevent the spread of germs.
    • Eat plenty of foods rich in good bacteria like yogurt improve overall health.
    • Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.
    • Gargle with salt water for relief from sore throat.
    • Do not smoke as it might worsen your symptoms, so avoid tobacco intake.
    • Avoid alcohol consumption with DEXTROMETHORPHAN as it may cause tiredness, drowsiness, or lack of concentration.

    Special Advise

    • Do not smoke as it might worsen your symptoms, so avoid tobacco intake.
    • Avoid alcohol consumption with DEXTROMETHORPHAN as it may cause tiredness, drowsiness, or lack of concentration.
    • Do not use dextromethorphan if you have used an MAO inhibitor within the past 14 days. (isocarboxazid, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine or methylene blue injection).

    Patients Concern

    Disease/Condition Glossary

    Cough: It is a reflex action that helps to clear any foreign irritant or mucus in the throat. Mostly cough lasts for a short time (two to three weeks), so it is acute. But sometimes, if it is persistent for more than eight weeks it can lead to chronic cough. If the cough is accompanied by blood or barking cough, this could be serious and require medical attention. The most common causes of cough are cold/flu, asthma, emphysema, and COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Also, some medications, especially angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors used for hypertension, are known to cause cough.

    FAQs

    How does DEXTROMETHORPHAN work?

    DEXTROMETHORPHAN is primarily used to treat dry cough. DEXTROMETHORPHAN contains Dextromethorphan, which is a cough suppressant. It works by blocking the cough receptor present in the brain, which is known to cause cough. DEXTROMETHORPHAN is generally prescribed for short term treatment of dry cough. It does not treat chronic cough or cough caused due to smoking, emphysema and asthma.

    If I feel better can I stop taking DEXTROMETHORPHAN?

    No, DEXTROMETHORPHAN should not be stopped abruptly without consulting your doctor as it might lead to withdrawal symptoms like irritability, anxiety, diarrhoea, restlessness, increased blood pressure. So, please consult your doctor, and he might lower your dose gradually depending upon your condition.

    Does DEXTROMETHORPHAN cause drowsiness?

    Yes, DEXTROMETHORPHAN may cause drowsiness, so operating any machinery or driving a car, doing an activity that requires concentration and alertness should be avoided.

    Is DEXTROMETHORPHAN a steroid or antihistamine or opiate or NSAID or narcotic?

    DEXTROMETHORPHAN is not a steroid, antihistamine, opiate, NSAID, or narcotic, it is a decongestant, but it can have addictive effects if taken in more than the recommended dose. It does not contain codeine or alcohol. It is not a controlled substance.

    Can I take depression medication along with DEXTROMETHORPHAN?

    It is not recommended to take DEXTROMETHORPHAN along with any anti-depressant medication as it contains dextromethorphan, leading to unpleasant side-effects or any drug interaction. Also, DEXTROMETHORPHAN should be taken at least 15 days after your last dose of anti-depressants, especially monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAO).

    Can I take more than recommended dose of DEXTROMETHORPHAN?

    No, never take more than the prescribed dose of DEXTROMETHORPHAN. It may lead to symptoms like nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, dizziness, unsteadiness, changes in vision, difficulty in breathing, fast heartbeat, hallucination, seizures, and coma.

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    DEXTROMETHORPHAN

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