Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's belongs to a group of medicines called “antiepileptic (AED)/ anticonvulsant agent' that is primarily indicated in the treatment of epilepsy (Monotherapy and Adjunctive therapy) and It can also be taken to prevent migraine. Epilepsy is a chronic disorder that is responsible for causing unprovoked, recurrent seizures in the body. A seizure is a sudden attack in the brain that makes a person lose control of their actions. Migraine is a mental condition that often causes intense or debilitating headaches with difficulty speaking, nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light or sound.
Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's is responsible for restoring the balance of neural activity by diminishing the spread of seizure movement in the brain. By controlling the electrical activity of the brain, it controls seizures and relieves the symptoms of migraine. Take Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's in an empty stomach without food with one glass of water. Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's is only available on prescription. It comes as tablets or capsules intended to be taken by mouth only. Swallow the medication as a whole without crushing or breaking it. Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's doses are sometimes advised according to the weight of children so the doctor will change the dose if the child gains or lose weight.
The possible side effects of topiramate include feeling sleepy, dizziness, diarrhoea and feeling sick. Some of the side effects do not even require medical attention and these are usually mild and go away by themselves. Consult with the doctor if any of these side effects continue or get worse with time.
The use of $mame is restricted in persons who are hypersensitive to it, so tell your doctor if you have any allergy to any of the chemical constituents present in this medicine. Tell your doctor if you ever had or already dealing with diarrhoea, glaucoma, metabolic acidosis, lung disease, breathing problems, liver disease, a blood disorder called acute porphyria etc. If a woman is pregnant or planning to pregnant then they should tell their doctor as the use of this medicine during pregnancy may increase the risk of cleft lip and/or cleft palate which is a birth defect in the newborn that may develop during early pregnancy.
Uses of Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's
Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's is an antiepileptic (AED) medicine that is used to treat epilepsy in mono or adjunctive therapy and migraine. In Monotherapy epilepsy, Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's is suggested for patients above 2 years of age with partial-onset or primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures. In Adjunctive therapy epilepsy, Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's is suggested in patients of 2 to 16 years of age with partial-onset seizures or primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures while in patients more than 2 years of age, Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's is suggested in patients with seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS). In migraine, Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's is suggested for prophylaxis of migraine. Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's works by blocking the voltage-dependent sodium and calcium channels and increasing the inhibitory actions of GABA. In epilepsy, Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's controls the uncontrolled activity of nerves in the brain and thus prevents or controls seizures. While in migraine, Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's tranquilizes the overactive nerve cells in the brain that are responsible for causing migraine.
Directions for Use
Tablet: It can be taken irrespective of meals. Swallow the tablet as a whole with a glass of water. Do not chew the tablet. Sprinkle capsule: You may swallow the capsule as a whole or you may open the capsule and sprinkle the entire contents on a teaspoon of soft food. Drink fluids immediately after eating this medicine and food mixture to make sure it is swallowed. Do not store this mixture for later use.
Store in a cool and dry place away from sunlight
Side Effects of Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's
Tingling of the arms and legs
Not feeling hungry
Change in taste
Upper respiratory tract infection
Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's may cause a congenital disability called cleft lip in unborn baby, so the use of this medicine is not allowed in pregnant females. Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's may increase the body temperature and reduce sweating, so one should report it to the doctor if they are noticing decreased sweating and hot, dry skin. Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's may enhance the level of acid in the blood so one should tell their doctor if they have irregular heartbeats or loss of hunger. Before taking Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's, tell the doctor if you have diarrhoea, metabolic acidosis, eye problems, liver disease. Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's may affect the working of contraceptives that include the combined pill, vaginal ring, patches,progestogen-only contraceptive pill, and emergency contraception. So, one should tell their doctor if they are using any contraceptives to prevent pregnancy.
Drug-Drug Interaction: A person should tell the doctor about all the medications they are using, including the medicines used to treat diabetes (metformin, glibenclamide, pioglitazone), medicines used to treat depression or anxiety (venlafaxine, amitriptyline), medicines for heart or blood pressure (diltiazem, hydrochlorothiazide, propranolol), antipsychotic medicines (risperidone), and or any other epilepsy medicines.
Drug-Food Interaction: The use of alcohol with Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's is restricted as alcohol may worsen the side effects of the medicine.
Drug-Disease Interaction: The use of Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's is restricted in patients dealing with bone marrow depression/blood dyscrasias, hyperthermia, severe liver disease, suicidal tendency, renal dysfunction, metabolic acidosis, angle-closure glaucoma, hemodialysis, and nephrolithiasis.
Drug-Drug Interactions Checker List
Diet & Lifestyle Advise
Eat a balanced diet that consists of good fats, proteins, carbohydrates, vegetables, and fruit which helps the body and brain to work properly and keep a person healthy and energetic.
Fatigue is one of the primary reasons that trigger seizures in the body, so sleeping properly can help in relaxing the brain.
One should avoid the consumption of alcohol as it can trigger seizures in patients. Even one or two glasses can trigger epilepsy and worsen the side effects of Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's.
Keep yourself happy and avoid taking emotional stress as stress causes seizures. Persons who maintain healthy stress levels have reported that they have responded well to the medicine.
Epilepsy: It is a neurological disorder in which brain activity becomes abnormal characterized by intense electrical bursts in the brain (seizures). When these bursts happen in one part of the brain it is called a partial seizure while if these bursts occur in the complete brain it is called a generalized seizure. Sometimes, a person starts experiencing the symptoms before starting of seizure that includes a sudden feeling of fear, dizziness, changes in vision, shakiness in arms and legs, and headache. While the symptoms that occur during a seizure include losing consciousness, characterized by confusion, uncontrollable muscle spasms, falling, biting tongue, sudden, rapid eye movements, unusual noises, such as grunting, sudden mood changes, etc.
Migraine: It is a mild to severe headache that starts as a dull ache in the region around the eye. It usually lasts a few hours up to several days and gets worst with the movement. The possible warning signs that can start before the occurrence of migraine include visual changes, unusual tiredness, tingling in an arm or leg. A person facing migraine may also face mild to severe pain in the head, pulsing, throbbing pain in the head, sensitivity to sound and light, vomiting, and Nausea.
Do not consume alcohol while taking Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's as alcohol can worsen the side effects of the Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's including sleepiness and dizziness
Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's is a Category D pregnancy drug. It is not recommended for use during pregnancy as it may cause an increase in the risk of the cleft lip that is a congenital disability in the unborn baby.
Caution is advised when Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's is using in nursing mothers as this medicine may pass into breast milk.
Some persons may continue to face unpredictable seizures even after taking Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's and this medicine also affects thinking and motor skills and may affect vision. So patients should take caution before engaging in any activity including driving or operating any machine.
Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's should be used with caution in patients with liver disease as the dosage needs to be reduced in patients dealing with liver disease.
Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's should be used with caution in patients with kidney disease as the dosage needs to be reduced in patients dealing with kidney disease.
Safe if prescribed
Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's is safe to use in children above 2 years only if prescribed by the doctor.
How does Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's work in epilepsy?
Seizures can happen when the brain cells are not working properly or working faster than normal. Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's slows down these electrical signals to stop seizures.
Can I operate any machinery after taking Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's?
No, you should take rest after taking this medicine as this medicine affects the thinking ability and vision of a person so avoid doing any task that requires mental alertness.
How does Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's work?
Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's acts by decreasing the spread of seizure activity in the brain. It also restores the normal balance of neurons which in turn calms the brain. In epilepsy, cells present in the brain talk to each other by generating electric signals. When these cells fail to work properly or working faster than normal then it causes seizures. Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's slows down these electrical signals and thus prevents or controls seizures. While in migraine, Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's tranquilizes the overactive nerve cells in the brain that are responsible for causing migraine.
I am taking Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's for a long time, so is it safe to take it for a longer duration?
Yes, the use of Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's is safe for long time use if suggested by the doctor.
Is the name may affect contraception methods?
Yes, Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's may affect the working of contraceptives that include the combined pill, vaginal ring, patches,progestogen-only contraceptive pill, and emergency contraception. Tell your doctor if you are using any type of contraceptives as the doctor may suggest using different types of contraceptives or combined hormonal contraceptives.
Does Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's affect my fertility?
No, Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's does not affect fertility.
Can I consume alcohol with Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's?
Generally, one should avoid consuming alcohol while taking Topamac 50 mg Tablet 10's as it may make a person feel sleepy or tired and can cause seizures in some people with epilepsy.
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