LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM is primarily indicated for the treatment of hypothyroidism or low secretion of thyroid hormone. It comprises levothyroxine which is a synthetic thyroid hormone that is chemically similar to thyroxine produced by our thyroid gland. Levothyroxine helps to replace missing thyroid hormones and/or relieve stress on the thyroid gland.
LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM minimizes symptoms of low thyroid hormones like unknown weight gain, fatigue, sensitivity to the cold and many more. Thus, it helps in replacing the body's own natural thyroid hormone essential for maintaining both mental and physical health.
Take LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM as prescribed by your doctor once daily, on an empty stomach, one-half to one hour before breakfast with a full glass of water. LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM usually does not have major side effects when taken regularly in the prescribed dosage but, overdosage may cause headache, nervousness, sleeplessness, irritability, diarrhoea, muscle spasm, weight loss, feeling hot even in cool environments, menstrual irregularities (in women) and skin rash. If you missed a dose do not take a double dose as it may produce serious side effects.
Your doctor may prescribe calcium or vitamin D supplements alongside LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM for your bone health. LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM should not be used for the purpose of weight loss alone. People affected with diabetes taking LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM may have altered blood glucose control that may result in increased antidiabetic agents or insulin requirements. Hence, it is recommended that people with diabetes should contact a doctor and carefully monitor their glucose level after starting, changing or discontinuing thyroid hormone therapy.
Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid)
LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM minimizes symptoms of low thyroid hormones like unknown weight gain, fatigue, sensitivity to the cold and many more. Thus, it helps in replacing the body's own natural thyroid hormone essential for maintaining both mental and physical health. However, LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM should not be used for the treatment of weight loss or obesity.
Foods like soybean flour, cottonseed meal, cabbage, cauliflower, walnuts, dietary fibre, calcium and calcium-fortified juices may affect the working of LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM. Hence, avoid the intake of these foods within several hours of dosing if possible. LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM should not be administered to patients with acute myocardial infarction and high blood pressure patients. So, close clinical monitoring of heart function is recommended before taking LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM.
Drug-Drug Interaction: Medicines like appetite suppressant (phentermine), acidity medicine (esomeprazole), anti-diabetic drug (metformin), calcium/vitamin D, neuro-related medicine (amphetamine/dextroamphetamine), Antidepressant(amitriptyline, imipramine, dosulepin), Beta Blockers (propranolol, atenolol and sotalol), Anti-convulsants (carbamazepine, primidone and phenytoin), interact with LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM. So, if you are taking these medicines make sure you contact your doctor before taking LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM.
Drug-Food Interaction: If you are taking any homoeopathic, ayurvedic, Unani or any OTC items let your doctor know about this. These medicines may interact with LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM and affect its working. Besides this, absorption of LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM may be decreased by foods like soybean flour, cottonseed meal, walnuts, dietary fibre, calcium and calcium-fortified juices. So, try to avoid these foods if possible.
Drug-Disease Interaction: Thyroid hormones increase the workload of the heart and oxygen consumption of the body. Hence, a LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM should be taken with caution in the heart patients (cardiovascular disorders) like high blood pressure, chest pain (angina) and coronary artery disease. You should have regular monitoring of heart function. If chest pain occurs frequently contact the doctor so that doctor may reduce the dosage.
You are recommended not to consume alcohol along with LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM to avoid unpleasant side-effects.
Only consume LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM, if you are prescribed by a doctor. However, the need for levothyroxine may increase during pregnancy due to increased blood levels of oestrogen (female sex hormone) hence, monitoring of thyroid function should be done regularly both during and after pregnancy. In this case, thyroid hormone dose can be adjusted by your doctor.
Even during high dose levothyroxine therapy, the amount of LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM passing into the breast milk during lactation is very low and therefore harmless. However, if you have any doubt consult a doctor.
LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM does not interfere with your ability to drive.
LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM can be taken in the prescribed dose as it does not affect the liver.
LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM can be taken in the prescribed dose as it does not affects the kidney. However patient with adrenal gland complication or problem should consult a doctor before its intake.
LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM can be given to the children (new-borns and infants) with inborn thyroid hormone deficiency. To achieve normal mental and physical development. The doctor would adjust the dose individually according to the thyroid hormone level and TSH values measured in blood.
Hypothyroidism/underactive thyroid: It is a chronic condition when the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormones to meet your body’s needs. When there is a low level of thyroid hormones, our body’s functions and metabolism slow down. Symptoms of hypothyroidism include fatigue, increased sensitivity to cold, constipation, dry skin, unexplained weight gain, puffy face, hoarseness of voice and muscle weakness. There may be a loss of Calcium and Vitamin D in some cases of hypothyroidism.
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