LITHIUM CARBONATE belongs to a psychological class of drugs called 'anti-manic agents' or 'mood stabilizers' primarily used to prevent and treat mood disorders like mania and bipolar disorder. Mania is a mental condition that causes intense excitement, high energy, and delusions (misbeliefs). Bipolar disorder is a mental condition associated with extreme mood swings ranging from the hyper stage of mania to low mood depression.
LITHIUM CARBONATE contains Lithium carbonate that helps to treat mental disorders by increasing the activity of chemical messengers in the brain; thereby, suppressing the excessive and abnormal activity of nerve cells in the brain and helping in stabilizing a person’s mood.
Take LITHIUM CARBONATE as prescribed. Your doctor will advise you on how often you need to take LITHIUM CARBONATE based on your medical condition. Some people may experience loss of appetite, dizziness, dry mouth, taste change, diarrhoea, blurred vision, slurred speech, shaky movements, increased thirst, and urination. Most of these side effects of LITHIUM CARBONATE do not require medical attention and gradually resolve over time. However, if the side effects persist or worsen, please consult your doctor.
If you are known to be allergic to LITHIUM CARBONATE or any other medicines, please tell your doctor. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, it is advised to consult a doctor before using LITHIUM CARBONATE. Regular blood tests are recommended while taking LITHIUM CARBONATE to monitor the levels of lithium in blood. If you have fits, kidney or heart problems, thyroid, persistent headache, vision problems, and if you are planning or had weight loss surgery, please inform your doctor before taking LITHIUM CARBONATE.
Bipolar disorder, Mania
LITHIUM CARBONATE is a mood stabilizer that is used to prevent and treat mood disorders such as mania and bipolar disorder. LITHIUM CARBONATE contains Lithium carbonate that helps to treat mental disorders by increasing the activity of chemical messengers in the brain; thereby, suppressing the excessive and abnormal activity of nerve cells in the brain and helping in stabilizing a person’s mood. Thus, LITHIUM CARBONATE relaxes nerves and calms the mood, which helps in having a better social life and enables to do daily activities comfortably.
Regular blood tests are recommended while taking LITHIUM CARBONATE to check lithium levels in the blood. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, please inform your doctor before taking LITHIUM CARBONATE. If you have hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid gland), please inform your doctor before taking LITHIUM CARBONATE as it may cause low thyroid levels. If you notice decreased amount of urine, dark, reddish urine, muscle pain or weakness, inform your doctor immediately as it may be due to a serious condition called rhabdomyolysis (muscle tissue breakdown) which may lead to kidney problems.
Drug-Drug Interaction: LITHIUM CARBONATE may have interaction with high blood pressure-lowering medicines (ramipril, lisinopril, methyldopa, amlodipine, diltiazem), pain killers (ibuprofen, diclofenac, celecoxib, indomethacin), asthma drugs (theophylline), antipsychotics (olanzapine, haloperidol, clozapine, sertindole), fits related drugs (phenytoin, clonazepam, carbamazepine), heart-related medicines (quinidine, amiodarone, propafenone, ranolazine, procainamide, disopyramide, hydroquinidine, ibutilide, sotalol, dofetilide), antidepressants (paroxetine, amitriptyline, fluoxetine), antibiotics (trimethoprim, spectinomycin, metronidazole, tetracycline).
Drug-Food Interaction: LITHIUM CARBONATE may interact with caffeine. Therefore, reduce the intake of caffeine including coffee, tea, or herbal medicines as it may decrease the effect of LITHIUM CARBONATE. Also, avoid alcohol intake as it may increase side effects such as drowsiness, dizziness, or difficulty in concentrating. Intake of sodium may also alter lithium levels. Hence, maintain a constant dietary intake of salt.
Drug-Disease Interaction: If you have fits, kidney or heart problems, thyroid, persistent headache, vision problems, Brugada syndrome (a hereditary syndrome affecting the heart), hypothyroidism (low thyroid levels), and low sodium levels, inform your doctor before taking LITHIUM CARBONATE.
You are recommended to avoid consumption of alcohol with LITHIUM CARBONATE as it may increase the risk of side effects such as drowsiness, dizziness or difficulty in concentrating.
LITHIUM CARBONATE is a Category D pregnancy drug and is not recommended for use during pregnancy as it may cause harm to the unborn baby.
Avoid breastfeeding while taking LITHIUM CARBONATE as it may be excreted in breast milk and cause adverse effects in the baby.
LITHIUM CARBONATE may cause dizziness, drowsiness or other severe adverse effects. Therefore, avoid driving if you feel drowsy or dizzy after taking LITHIUM CARBONATE.
LITHIUM CARBONATE is safe to use in patients with liver diseases/conditions if prescribed by a doctor.
Take LITHIUM CARBONATE with caution, especially if you have a history of kidney diseases/conditions. The dose may be adjusted by your doctor as required. LITHIUM CARBONATE is not recommended for patients with severe kidney problems.
LITHIUM CARBONATE is generally not recommended for children below 12 years. However, LITHIUM CARBONATE may be used in children above 7 years for treating bipolar disorder only if prescribed by a doctor.
Mania: It is a mental condition that causes intense excitement, high energy, and delusions (misbeliefs). Mania may occur due to lack of sleep or changes in sleep pattern, high levels of stress, and alcohol intake. Seek medical help immediately if you have any self-harming or suicidal thoughts.
Bipolar disorder: It is also called manic depression, a mental condition associated with extreme mood swings ranging from manic highs to depressive lows. The symptoms of bipolar disorder include mania (high energy and excitability) and depression (loss of interest, hopelessness, and low energy). Bipolar disorder involves lifelong treatment.