VALPROIC ACID belongs to a group of anticonvulsants or anti-epileptics used to treat epilepsy/seizures/fits. In addition, VALPROIC ACID also treats manic episodes associated with bipolar disorder. Besides this, it can also prevent migraine symptoms (like a headache). Epilepsy is a sudden rush of electricity in the brain. In epilepsy, the brain's electrical rhythms become imbalanced, resulting in recurrent seizures, sometimes leading to an unconscious state.
VALPROIC ACID contains Valproic acid, which reduces the brain's excessive and aberrant nerve activity. As a result, it aids in the control of seizures. VALPROIC ACID raises the concentration of a chemical molecule known as GABA, which helps to stop nerve communication across the brain and has a calming effect. This contributes to the treatment of bipolar disorder. VALPROIC ACID limits the transmission of nerve pain, thereby preventing migraine headaches.
VALPROIC ACID should be taken as prescribed by the doctor. You may sometimes experience nausea, upset stomach or stomach pain, tremors (shakes), sleepiness, headache, weight gain and thinning hair. Most of these side effects are temporary and will go away on their own. However, if you suffer these adverse effects on a regular basis, you should consult your doctor.
Inform your doctor if you are allergic to any components present in VALPROIC ACID. If you are pregnant, do not take VALPROIC ACID because it may cause serious congenital defects. Use effective contraception if you are of childbearing age while taking VALPROIC ACID. If you are breastfeeding, inform your doctor before taking VALPROIC ACID. As VALPROIC ACID causes sleepiness and dizziness, do not drive or operate machinery. Avoid drinking alcohol with VALPROIC ACID as it may cause dizziness and tiredness. To rule out any negative effects, keep your doctor updated about your health condition and medications.
Epilepsy (fits), Bipolar disorder, Migraine
VALPROIC ACID contains Valproic acid, an anticonvulsant (or anti-epileptic) medicine that reduces the brain's excessive and aberrant nerve activity. As a result, it aids in the control of seizures. VALPROIC ACID raises the concentration of a chemical molecule known as GABA, which helps to stop nerve communication across the brain and has a calming effect. This contributes to the treatment of bipolar disorder. VALPROIC ACID limits the transmission of nerve pain, thereby preventing migraine headaches.
Before taking the VALPROIC ACID, let your doctor know about all your medical conditions, sensitivities, and all medications you are using. And also, inform your doctor if you are pregnant, suspect you are pregnant, plan to have a baby, or are breastfeeding. You should not become pregnant while you are receiving VALPROIC ACID. Consult your doctor immediately if you become pregnant while receiving a VALPROIC ACID. Alcohol should be avoided during treatment with this medicine. You must not drive or operate machinery while receiving VALPROIC ACID.
Drug-Drug Interactions: VALPROIC ACID may interact with other anti-epileptic drugs (e.g. carbamazepine), blood thinner (e.g. warfarin), pain killers (e.g. aspirin), a medicine for stomach ulcers (e.g. cimetidine), medicines to treat HIV and AIDS (e.g. ritonavir), antibiotics (e.g. erythromycin), medicines for depression or other mental health problems (e.g. venlafaxine, quetiapine), cholesterol-lowering medicines (e.g. cholestyramine), medicines to prevent malaria (e.g. mefloquine, chloroquine).
Drug-Food Interactions: Avoid alcohol consumption while taking VALPROIC ACID as it might cause increased dizziness and sleepiness.
Drug-Disease Interactions: Inform your doctor if you have depression, liver disease, urea cycle disorders, suicidal tendencies, HIV disease, hereditary mitochondrial disorders, or thrombocytopenia (low platelets).
Do not consume alcohol while taking VALPROIC ACID as alcohol can worsen the side effects of the VALPROIC ACID, including sleepiness and dizziness.
VALPROIC ACID is a Category D pregnancy drug. It is not recommended for use during pregnancy as it may cause an increase in the risk of a cleft lip, which is a congenital disability in the unborn baby. If you are a female able to have a baby, you must use an effective method of birth control (contraception) without interruption during your entire treatment with VALPROIC ACID.
VALPROIC ACID passes into breast milk and may harm your infant. Please consult a doctor if you are breastfeeding before taking VALPROIC ACID. Breastfed infants are at risk for valproic acid-induced hepatotoxicity, so infants should be monitored for jaundice and other signs of liver damage during maternal therapy.
VALPROIC ACID may cause dizziness, drowsiness or tiredness in some people. Therefore, avoid driving if you feel drowsy, dizzy or tired after taking VALPROIC ACID.
Inform your doctor before receiving the VALPROIC ACID if you have a history of liver diseases/conditions. Extreme caution is recommended in patients with impaired liver function. Your doctor will weigh the benefits and potential risks before prescribing VALPROIC ACID.
Dose adjustment may be needed in patients with kidney impairment. Please inform your doctor if you have kidney impairment.
Use is not recommended for children less than ten years. Your doctor will decide the dose based on your child's condition if more than ten years.
Epilepsy: It is a sudden rush of electricity in the brain. It is a nervous system disorder that occurs due to disturbed nerve cell activity in the brain. In epilepsy, the brain's electrical rhythms become imbalanced, resulting in recurrent seizures. In patients with seizures, the typical brain electrical pattern is disrupted by sudden electrical impulses that affect an individual's consciousness, movements, or sensations. Seizures are of two types: generalized and partial seizures. Generalized seizures affect the entire brain, whereas partial seizures affect only a part of the brain. Seizures can cause uncontrollable muscle cramps and spasms. More substantial seizures may cause people to become confused or unconscious. Possible causes include high fever, trauma, genetic disorder, brain injury, or stroke.
Bipolar disorder: Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression or bipolar disease, is a mental health disorder associated with episodes of mood swings ranging from manic highs to depressive lows. Symptoms of manic episodes include high energy, loss of touch with reality, and reduced need for sleep. Symptoms of depressive episodes include low motivation, low energy, and loss of interest in daily life.
Migraine: Migraine is a neurological condition that is characterized by intense headaches. A migraine is usually a moderate or severe headache felt as a throbbing pain on one side of the head.